Digital systems enable the individual to choose, depending on the contexts in which he finds himself, the way in which he wishes to present himself to others and to establish relationships, e.g. as a 'father', a 'music fan' or a 'job seeker'. But there is an opposite trend whereby the multiple activities of a person who presents himself under different identities are reduced to a unique identity. It can be seen at work both in the private and public sectors.
This Handbook thus looks at the ways in which France and the countries of the European Union intend to set up identity management systems across the whole of society. The aim in particular is to improve the security of the means of identification used by citizens and to simplify their administrative formalities. At the same time, the trend strengthens the transparency of the various facets of the individual, and increases risks of surveillance.
What are the effects of this trend towards unification of identities from the philosophical, ethical, legal, economic and computer science viewpoints? Is this unification desirable? Could it be desirable in certain cases? How do governments and companies intend to identify us? How can we make sure that a person is allowed the leeway he needs to present himself and to enter into a relationship with others autonomously? Is the use of pseudonyms an appropriate response?
Designed to provide practical help, this Handbook is aimed at a readership of ordinary citizens, companies and the public authorities.
Check the summary of the book"Digital Identities" and download a selection of articles ("Chapters")
Chapter 5 - How a Digital Identity System Works
Chapter 6 - Digital Identity and Personal Data Management
Chapter 9 - Digital Identity in France